Labour MEPs welcomed today's report from the European Environment Agency, but called for further action, and a more joined-up apporach across all levels.
The report says hundreds of thousands of Europeans will suffer a premature death in the next 20 years as the result of Member States' failure to act on air pollution.
In 2011, 400,000 are estimated to have died prematurely as a result of breathing toxic fumes, with the UK one of the worst offenders, which is why Labour in Europe has been pushing to ensure that EU maintain high standards on air pollution and force the UK government and regional government into action.
The report, SOER 2015: The European environment: state and outlook 2015, also warns Europe's long-term goal of "living well, within the limits of our planet" - the aim of the General Union Environment Action Programme - cannot be achieved with the current level of ambition of environment and related policies.
Seb Dance MEP, Labour's European spokesperson on environment, said:
"The report from the European Environment Agency shows the progress the EU has made towards achieving a real response to environmental change in Europe and across the globe. However, this isn't a time to rest on our laurels.
"Labour MEPs will continue to push for the most progressive and inclusive environmental policies and targets. It is also very encouraging there is a growing acceptance environmental protection, be it air quality or climate policy, must be joined up.
"A coherent approach across all sectors and all levels of government is essential."